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Jersey's relationship with the UK and EU

Jersey has been a Crown dependency since 1204 when King John lost Normandy, but Jersey and the Channel Islands stayed loyal to the English monarchy. Today, the Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey is the personal representative of Her Majesty the Queen.

Jersey's relationship with the United Kingdom

Jersey’s status as a Crown dependency gives the Island constitutional rights of self-government and judicial independence. Jersey has a considerable measure of autonomy within its constitutional relationship with the United Kingdom (UK) although it is not independent of the UK.

In practice, responsibility for the Island’s international representation rests largely with the UK government. However, the UK always consults Jersey on its obligations in international law and other international agreements.  Jersey is included in many of the important international conventions to which the UK is a party, including human rights legislation and international sanctions.

In May 2007 the Chief Minister signed the International Identity Framework Document with the UK Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs. This framework is intended to clarify the constitutional relationship between the UK and Jersey, and to assist in the development of Jersey’s international status and identity.

Download framework for developing the international identity of Jersey (size 46kb)

Jersey and the European Union

Jersey has a special relationship with the European Union (EU). In simple terms, the Island is treated as part of the European Community for the purposes of free trade in goods, but otherwise is not a part of the EU.

However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. As well as representing Jersey to EU institutions, CIBO also advises the States of Jersey on EU policy issues.

Channel Islands Brussels Office website

Customs and immigration relationship with Europe

Jersey's relationship with the European Union (EU) was agreed when the UK became a full member. The main impacts relating to customs and immigration are:

  • VAT is not applicable in Jersey as the Island is not part of the European Union tax area
  • nationals from the EU and European Economic Area (EEA) are free to come and live and work in Jersey subject to local housing requirements

List of EU and EEA countries

The 28 EU countries are:

Austria Germany Portugal
Belgium Greece Republic of Ireland
Bulgaria Hungary Romania
​Croatia ​Italy ​Slovakia
Czech Republic Latvia Slovenia
Cyprus Lithuania Spain
Denmark Luxembourg Sweden
Estonia Malta UK
Finland Netherlands
France Poland

The three EEA countries are:

  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Liechtenstein


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