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Jersey facts and figures

Jersey is the largest of the Channel Islands at 5 miles / 8 km long by 9 miles / 14.5 km wide. It sits in the English Channel, yet is much closer to France than it is to England.

Jersey at a glance

Geographical area  45.5 sq miles / 118 sq km 
Population  99,000
Capital  St Helier 
Main language  English 
Currency  British pound sterling / Jersey currency of same value 
Government  Parliamentary democracy 

Where is Jersey?

Jersey sits in the Bay of St Malo - just 19 miles (or 30.5 km) from the French coast and 85 miles (137 km) south of the English coast. Jersey is the biggest of the Channel Islands.

It is made up of 12 parishes and has a population of 99,000. Jersey is only 5 miles (8 km) long and 9 miles (14.5 km) wide.


English is the main language spoken in Jersey. Other languages include Portuguese, Polish and Jèrriais (the Jersey language).

Jèrriais: Jersey's traditional language​


Jersey’s southerly location and sheltered position in the Bay of St Malo mean that we have a generally temperate climate that is often warmer, with more sunshine hours, than you might experience in the other British Isles.

Weather and climate on Jersey Meteorological Department website

Is Jersey tax free?

Jersey is not tax-free. The public revenues of the Island are raised by income tax, by duties paid on certain goods (5% goods and services tax (GST)) and by other taxes and revenues. However, value added tax (VAT) is not charged in Jersey or the other Channel Islands.


Jersey is self-governing and has it own financial and legal systems and its own courts of law. The States Assembly is made up of 51 elected members.

Jersey is a British Crown Dependency, and is defended and internationally represented by the UK government. Today, the Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey is the personal representative of Her Majesty the Queen here in the Island.

Jersey’s government also issues its own internationally-recognised driving licences and is responsible for its own vehicle registration. Jersey has its own unique number plate sequence - number plates all start with the letter J.

The Island also has its own postal and telecommunications services.

Is Jersey part of Great Britain, the United Kingdom or the British Isles?

Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man are part of the British Isles. England, Scotland and Wales make up Great Britain, while the United Kingdom includes Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Jersey is a British Crown Dependency. 

Jersey's history 

Does Jersey have the same legal system as the UK?

Jersey has a Royal Court, which is equal to the UK's Crown Court for criminal matters, and the UK's High Court for civil matters. It also runs an administrative jurisdiction similar to that in the Divisional Court and receives statutory appeals from executive committees of the States. It exercises a supervisory and an appellate jurisdiction over the Island’s lower criminal and civil courts. 

Jersey in figures

​Economic data (2013 figures)  
Gross Value Added (GVA):    £3.6 billion 
Gross National Income (GNI):    £4.0 billion 
States Net General Revenue income  £628 million 
Departmental Net Revenue expenditure  £601 million 
States Income Tax receipts  £430 million 
Principal industries (2013 figures)  % of GVA 
Financial services  40% 
Public administration   9% 
Wholesale and retail  7%  
Construction   6%  
Transport & communication 5%
Hotels, restaurants & bars 4% 
Manufacturing 1% 
Agriculture 1%
Electricity, gas and water 1%
Other business activities  9%

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