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Vehicle categories, specifications and age restrictions

Different types of vehicle are covered by different licence categories, and have varying minimum age restrictions.

If you want to add a new vehicle category to your driving licence, then the vehicle you take the test in must meet certain specifications.


Licence category A

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction
A1 - light motorcycle  
  • engine capacity of at least 75cc and no more than 125cc
  • maximum power output of 11kw
  • power to weight ratio of 100kw / tonne 
Up to 125cc  17 
A - heavy motorcycle 
  • engine capacity of at least 240cc
  • unladen weight which does not exceed 407kg 
Max weight 410kg  18 


Licence category B

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restrictions 
Motor tricycle (B1)     Max weight 500kg  17 
Passenger vehicle and small goods vehicle (B)   Max weight 3500kg
Up to 8 seats + driver 
17


Licence category C

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction
Medium goods (C1)  
  • maximum authorised mass of at least 4 tonnes
  • capable of a speed of 80 kph 
Max weight 7500kg  18 
Heavy goods  (C)
  • maximum authorised mass of at least 10 tonnes
  • overall length of at least 7 metres
  • capable of a speed of 80 kph  
  21


Licence category D

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction 
Minibus (D1)  
  • more than 8 but not more than 16 seats in addition to the driver’s seat
  • capable of a speed of 80 kph  
Up to 16 seats + driver  18 
Large passenger (D) 
  • overall length of at least 9 metres
  • capable of a speed of 80 kph 
  21


Licence category E

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction 
Passenger or small goods vehicle (B)  
  • towing a trailer
  • maximum authorised mass of at least 1 tonne 
Trailer weight greater than 750kg  17
Medium goods (C1) 
  • towing a trailer that has a maximum authorised mass of at least 2 tonnes
  • combination has an overall length of at least 8 metres 
Trailer weight greater than 750kg, up to maximum  weight for combination 18
Heavy goods (C)
  • articulated goods carrying vehicle with a maximum authorised mass of at least 18 tonnes and an overall length of at least 11 metres
or
  • combination of vehicles comprising a vehicle in category C, and a trailer at least 4 metres in length, the combination having a maximum authorised mass of 18 tonnes and an overall length of at least 11 metres
Articulated or trailer weight greater than 750kg 21
Minibus (D1)
  • towing a trailer that has a maximum authorised mass of 1.25 tonnes
Trailer weight greater than 750kg, up to maximum weight for combination 18
Large passenger (D) Trailer weight greater than 750kg 21


Licence category F

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction 
Agricultural tractor       16 


Licence category H

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction
Tracked vehicle     21


Licence category K

Type(s) of vehicle   Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test Vehicle restrictions  Minimum age restriction
Pedestrian controlled vehicle    16


Licence category P

Type(s) of vehicle Vehicle specifications for the practical driving test  Vehicle restrictions Minimum age restriction
Moped
  • engine capacity which does not exceed 50cc
  • maximum design speed of 30mph
  • kerbside weight which does not exceed 250kg
  16

 

 

 



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