About Long Term Incapacity Allowance
Long Term Incapacity Allowance (LTIA) is a Social Security contributory benefit which helps if you have long-term ill-health or an injury.
You could get between £10.21 and £209.51 per week and, depending on your award, some Social Security contribution credits. Or you may not be awarded anything at all.
Your level of benefit depends on your illness or injury. It is not based on whether you can work or if you are earning less because of your illness or injury
How much your LTIA award will be
We work out LTIA claims as a percentage of a maximum LTIA rate. This maximum LTIA rate is currently £209.51. for an award of 100%. Awards can be anywhere between 5% and 100%.
The percentage is equal to the amount of benefit you get, so if your percentage is 100%, you’ll receive the full benefit rate. However if your percentage is 50%, you’ll get half of the benefit rate. The minimum rate is £10.21 for an LTIA award of 5%.
If you are given an award below 5%, you won't be entitled to any benefit and your claim will be disallowed.
We only award LTIA at 100% for severe mental or physical illnesses or injuries which prevents you from doing basic tasks. Often people with an award of 100% need daily support from other people.
Your award includes any ups and downs that we expect you may have because of your illness or injury.
Difference between Short Term Incapacity Allowance (STIA) and Long Term Incapacity Allowance (LTIA)
Many people start claiming LTIA when their Short Term Incapacity Allowance (STIA) ends after the maximum period of 364 days or because they want to claim incapacity benefit and work.
LTIA and STIA are very different benefits. The main differences are:
- STIA is a short-term benefit which we can only pay for a maximum of 364 days
- in some cases, LTIA can be claimed for many years
- LTIA is based on the effects of your illness or injury, not whether or not you can work or your financial circumstances
- you’ll only get the same amount of LTIA as maximum STIA if you are given a LTIA 100% award
- you can claim LTIA and work, unlike STIA
- LTIA is based on a medical assessment by a Social Security doctor, not medical certificates
- not all LTIA awards include Social Security contribution credits
How to claim LTIA
If you’ve claimed STIA for the maximum 364 days, you’ll be sent a form so you can claim LTIA.
If you want to move from STIA to LTIA before this, contact us for an application form.
If you have a long term illness or injury, you can also claim LTIA without receiving STIA. You can do this if you’re already working or if you want to work.
If you want to do this, you’ll need to:
- fill in the claim form
- sign the form at the bottom
- send your completed form to us straight away
You should respond quickly otherwise your payments might be delayed.
Contributions needed to claim LTIA
LTIA is a contributory benefit, which means you need the right contributions or credits on your Social Security record to be eligible for it. This is worked out using a particular three months period or relevant quarter.
To claim LTIA, you need:
- at least six months of contributions before the end of the relevant quarter
- at least one month's contributions or credits in the relevant quarter
The table below shows how to find out the relevant quarter for LTIA:
|If your claim is received during: ||The relevant quarter that affects payment of benefit is: |
|January to March ||July to September in the previous year |
|April to June ||October to December in the previous year |
|July to September ||January to March in the same year |
|October to December ||April to June in the same year |
How you’re assessed
We decide whether you are eligible for LTIA and how much your award should be. This is based on
- a Social Security medical assessment
- a Medical Assessment Report from your GP
- information you give us in your claim form
- any supporting information you give us
Medical assessments for Social Security benefits
How and when we pay you
If you're awarded a percentage of 20% or over, your LTIA will be paid in advance, every four weeks.
If you're awarded an assessment of between 5% and 15%, we'll pay you a lump sum.
We'll pay your benefit directly to your bank account. Contact us if you don't have a bank account. You’ll normally receive the money on a Thursday, but this may sometimes change.
LTIA contributions credits
Contribution credits may be included in your LTIA award, unless:
- you’re already paying Class 1 contributions above the lower earnings limit (£884 per month)
- you’ve chosen not to pay contributions
- you’re getting more credits through another benefit or claim
These credits protect your entitlement to a pension and contributory benefits in the future, and mean you won’t have to pay Class 2 Social Security contributions while you’re receiving these credits.
If you pay Class 1 contributions above the lower earnings limit, you will continue to pay these as normal and the credits will not be applied to your Social Security record.
The length of time you receive credits for depends on what percentage you get and the medical assessment period. Awards of less than 20% do not include contribution credits.
Claiming for your husband, wife or partner
You can claim an increase in your benefit if your spouse or partner is claiming Home Responsibility Protection (HRP) and is living with you.
We may reduce or not pay this increase if your spouse or partner is getting another Social Security benefit in their own right.
Contribution credits for parents working 20 hours or less: Home Responsibility Protection (HRP)
Claiming LTIA and other contributory benefits
We can’t pay you more than 100% for any Social Security contributory benefit. These are benefits that are paid from the Social Security fund not from taxes. You can’t receive two overlapping contributory benefits for the same period.
Other contributory benefits include:
- Short Term Incapacity Allowance
- Old age pension
- Home Carer's Allowance
- Maternity Allowance
- Incapacity pension
- Survivors benefit
The table below explains what happens if you are awarded more than one contributory benefit.
|If you're awarded two or more contributory benefits at 100%|
We’ll only pay for one of these benefits. However, your claims will be kept open in case any of the benefits change.
You’ll will also still receive any contribution credits awarded, unless you’re paying Class 1 contributions or receiving credits for any other reason.
|If you’re awarded two or more contributory benefits less than 100%|
We’ll only pay the highest of the benefits. They are not added together.
You’ll still receive any contribution credits awarded, unless you are paying Class 1 contributions or receiving credits for any other reason.
|If you’re awarded a contributory benefit while someone else is being paid a dependency increase for you in one of their contributory benefits|
We’ll keep the dependency increase the same but will reduce your new contributory benefit award by the same amount as your dependency increase.
Therefore, if your dependency award is higher, you’ll not be paid any money for your new award.
If your dependency award is lower, we’ll reduce your new benefit by this amount and pay you the difference.
In both cases, you’ll still receive any contribution credits awarded, unless you’re paying Class 1 contributions or receiving credits for any other reason.
If you prefer, we can pay your new award and reduce the dependency increase. This will be explained in more details if you get an award letter.
Claiming LTIA and Income Support
If you’re a member of an Income Support household and start claiming LTIA, your Income Support will be reduced by the same value as your LTIA award. This is because LTIA will be considered as income.
As you can work and receive LTIA, if you claim Income Support, you may be expected to work or look for work. If this affects you, a Back to Work employment advisor will contact you.
Finding a job: Back to Work
If your condition gets worse or if you have a flare-up
Your LTIA award takes into account any ups and downs that you may have because of your illness or injury.
However, you can ask us to reassess your claim if:
your illness or injury gets significantly worse or better
you need time to recover from an operation
you have a flare-up
A flare-up is when your illness or injury gets much worse for a short period of time.
If your LTIA condition(s) has got worse or has flared-up, ask your GP to write to us if they agree. You can also send in any extra medical evidence. You may need to have another medical assessment.
If you’re admitted to hospital, ask for a hospital medical certificate and send it to us as soon as possible.
You must tell is if your condition gets significantly better or is cured.
Handing in medical certificates
You don’t need medical certificates to be awarded LTIA.
We don’t accept medical certificates for ‘bad days’ that are related to your condition. This is because your LTIA award takes into account any ups and downs that you may have because of your illness or injury.
However you may be awarded increased LTIA if you:
have an operation
have a flare-up (either for the same condition as your LTIA or a related one)
If you have a different condition which is not related to your LTIA claim, you may be able to submit a medical certificate or hospital certificate to claim STIA.
If you need any of your LTIA to be paid to an agent / authority to receive payments on your behalf, complete the form below.
You can download and print the form, or collect one from us at the Social Security Department.
Application for payment to an agent or authority form
If you’d like somebody to speak to us about your claim on your behalf, complete the form below.
You can download and print the form, or collect one from us at the Social Security Department.
Authority to disclose information form
Changes in your circumstances
You must tell us if:
you change address
you change your bank account
you plan to leave Jersey for a short period or permanently (tell us which country you’re going to visit)
you go to prison (your benefit can’t be paid for any part of a prison sentence)
there are any changes in your circumstances that would affect the payment of benefit to your spouse or partner
If you disagree with your LTIA award
If you’re unhappy with the decision on your claim, you may appeal.
If you think your Long Term Incapacity award is wrong
Claiming benefits from another country
Tell us if you’re receiving Social Security benefits from any other country when you fill out your claim form.