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Information and public services for the Island of Jersey

L'înformâtion et les sèrvices publyis pouor I'Île dé Jèrri

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Equine Infectious Anaemia (horses, mules and donkeys)

​What is Equine Infectious Anaemia?

Equine Infectious Anaemia (EIA) is an exotic viral disease that affects horses, mules and donkeys - it does not affect humans. The disease is also sometimes called swamp fever. It is caused by a virus and is spread via biting insects.​

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of equine infectious anaemia are:

  • intermittent fever
  • anaemia
  • emaciation

How is the disease treated?

When the disease is confirmed, the only course of action is to humanely destroy the infected horse. Animals are infected for life and humane destruction prevents both a welfare problem for the affected animal and a source of infection for other horses.

What should I do if I suspect my horse is infected?

If you are concerned that your animal may be infected you should consult your own vet who will report any suspicion of this disease to the States Veterinary Officer at the Environment Department.​

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